The developer of technology is a research institute, which is part of a multidisciplinary university from Russia.
Use of flocculants is widespread in different kinds of purposes. However, there are still improvements to be made. For example, heavily contaminated effluents often require a preparatory stage of treatment before using of flocculants. As such, the galvanic industry has Cr-containing effluent, and Cr has to be preliminary transferred from 6-valent state to 3-valent in order to use flocculants efficiently.